Summary of the Systematic Review

Article Citation

Interventions for Children and Adolescents Who Stutter: A Systematic Review, Meta-Analysis, and Evidence Map

Brignell, A., Krahe, M., et al. (2021).
Journal of Fluency Disorders, 70, 105843.
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Sponsoring Body

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Article Quality Ratings

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Indicators of Review Quality

  • Yes The review states a clearly focused question/aim.
  • Yes Criteria for inclusion of studies are provided.
  • Yes Search strategy described in sufficient detail for replication.
  • Yes Included studies are assessed for study quality.
  • N/A Quality assessments are reproducible.
  • Yes Characteristics of the included studies are provided.

Article Details

Description

This is a systematic review and meta-analysis of published literature investigating interventions in children and adolescents who stutter.

Questions/Aims Addressed

This article aimed to identify and describe available empirical evidence on non-pharmacological interventions for children and adolescents who stutter.

Population

Children and adolescents who stutter

Intervention/Assessment

Non-pharmacological interventions 

Number of Studies Included

20 studies in the systematic review; 2 studies in the meta-analysis

Years Included

January 2005 to January 20, 2019 20


Conclusions from This Systematic Review

What are Conclusions?

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Treatment

No high level evidence was reported for interventions aiming to reduce stuttering in school-aged students or adolescents who stutter.

Keywords: Adolescents/Adults

Findings indicated that alternative methods of delivering the Lindcombe Program (e.g., telehealth, webcam, group format) were as effective as standard delivery of the intervention (e.g., in-person, individual format). 

Keywords: Format, Lidcombe Program, Children, Fluency

Only two studies investigating the effects of the Lindcombe Program (LP) were included in the meta-analysis. LP demonstrated a pooled effect size of -3.8, which indicated that the best available evidence supports the use of LP to reduce stuttering in children 6 years of age and younger.

Keywords: Lidcombe Program, Early Intervention

Results indicated no statistical difference between direct intervention (i.e., Lindcombe Program [LP]) and indirect intervention (i.e., Demands and Capacities Model [DCM]); therefore, LP and DCM demonstrated similar effectiveness for reducing stuttering in preschool-aged children who stutter.

Keywords: Demands and Capacities Model, Lidcombe Program

Service Delivery

Findings indicated that alternative methods of delivering the Lindcombe Program (e.g., telehealth, webcam, group format) were as effective as standard delivery of the intervention (e.g., in-person, individual format). 

Keywords: Format, Lidcombe Program, Children, Fluency

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Treatment

Findings indicated that alternative methods of delivering the Lindcombe Program (e.g., telehealth, webcam, group format) were as effective as standard delivery of the intervention (e.g., in-person, individual format). 

Keywords: Format, Lidcombe Program, Children, Fluency

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