Summary of the Systematic Review

Article Citation

Influencing Variables in the Quality of Life of Children With Cochlear Implants: A Systematic Review

Silva, J. M., Campos, P. D., et al. (2021).
CoDAS, 33(1), e20190153.
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Sponsoring Body

Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (Brazil); Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (Brazil)

Article Quality Ratings

Read about Our Rating Process

Indicators of Review Quality

  • Yes The review states a clearly focused question/aim.
  • Yes Criteria for inclusion of studies are provided.
  • Yes Search strategy described in sufficient detail for replication.
  • Yes Included studies are assessed for study quality.
  • No Quality assessments are reproducible.
  • Yes Characteristics of the included studies are provided.

Quality Rating Notes

Study Quality: The authors analyzed methodological quality by reviewing the validity of the quality of life tool used in each included study; however, they did not define validity or provide a description of how validity was determined.

Article Details

Description

This is a systematic review of studies investigating patient characteristics and quality of life outcomes in children who undergo cochlear implantation.

Questions/Aims Addressed

"What variables are considered to influence the quality of life of children with cochlear implants?" (p. 2).

Population

Children with a cochlear implant

Intervention/Assessment

Cochlear implantation and auditory (re)habilitation

Number of Studies Included

8

Years Included

2009 to 2018


Conclusions from This Systematic Review

What are Conclusions?

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Treatment

For children with cochlear implants (CI), the authors found improved quality of life (QoL) outcomes, as reported by the child's caregiver(s), that correlated with early implantation and daily use of the CI device. Early development of hearing skills, auditory speech perception, and language skills in children post-CI also correlated with statistically significant QoL improvements across the majority of studies, though these outcomes were not statistically significant in all studies. The authors noted an absence of research on the correlation between other variables (e.g., family permeability, parental education, socioeconomic aspects) and QoL for children with CI. Due to the complex interaction of interpersonal factors and the use of parent reported QoL, additional research on variables that result in improved QoL for children with CI is needed. 

Keywords: Cochlear Implants, Devices, Cochlear Implants, Devices

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Treatment

For children with cochlear implants (CI), the authors found improved quality of life (QoL) outcomes, as reported by the child's caregiver(s), that correlated with early implantation and daily use of the CI device. Early development of hearing skills, auditory speech perception, and language skills in children post-CI also correlated with statistically significant QoL improvements across the majority of studies, though these outcomes were not statistically significant in all studies. The authors noted an absence of research on the correlation between other variables (e.g., family permeability, parental education, socioeconomic aspects) and QoL for children with CI. Due to the complex interaction of interpersonal factors and the use of parent reported QoL, additional research on variables that result in improved QoL for children with CI is needed. 

Keywords: Cochlear Implants, Devices, Cochlear Implants, Devices

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